#Padne Dein aur Badne Dein

“CHILD IS THE FATHER OF MAN” the famous lines by William Wordworth. It symbolizes the need of children in building a healthy nation and society. Childhood is the first stage after infancy. It is the formative period in men’s life. For their minds are very soft, receptive and plastic at this tender age.

Children’s mind is like potter’s clay. It has to be shaped in a right manner. A child normally has to enjoy its childhood days with its parents, teachers, friends, etc. It is the age where fine and long lasting impressions gather in child’s mind.

Childhood is the best time to develop spiritual, intellectual, emotional support. But this rule of nature has been crippled by the perilous child labor

Every child has his right to enjoy his childhood. But in spite of this a few innocent children are employed by industries and individuals who put them to work under grueling circumstances. They are made to work for long hours in dangerous factory units and sometimes made to carry load even heavier than their own body weight. Then there are individual households that hire children as domestic help and beat and physically torture them when they make a mistake. The children are at times made to starve and are given worn out clothes to wear. Such is the story of millions of children in India painful and yet true.

The two primary reasons for the ever-growing social malice of child labor are poverty and lack of education. Poor parents give birth to children thinking them as money-making machines. They carry infants to earn more on the streets from begging. Then as they grow they make them beggars, and eventually sell them to employers. This malady is rampant across the length and breadth of India.

Child labor coupled with child abuse has today become one of the greatest maladies that have spread across the world. Each year statistics show increasing numbers of child abuse, more so in the case of the girl child. When a girl is probably abused by someone at home, to hide this fact she is sold to an employer from a city as domestic help, or then as a bride to an old man.

The 2001 national census of India estimated the total number of child labor, aged 5–14, to be at 12.6 million, out of a total child population of 253 million in 5-14 age group

Below are some businesses where main focus to hire child labors:-

  • Diamond industry
  • Fireworks manufacture
  • Silk manufacture
  • Carpet weaving
  • Coal mining
  • Domestic Slave labor
  • Agriculture industries
  • Glass & Bangles industries

  • These children not only lost their childhood, innocence but even face Health Issues due to Poor Enviourment & Bad Facilities. Physical Differences between Children and Adults may increase Children’s Work-related Risks. Working conditions that are safe and healthy for adults may not be safe and healthy for children because of their physical differences. Risks may be greater for children at various stages of development and may have long-term effects. Factors that may increase the health, safety, and developmental risk factors for children including:-

  • Rapid skeletal growth
  • Development of organs and tissues
  • Greater risk of hearing loss
  • Developing ability to assess risks
  • Greater need for food and rest
  • Higher chemical absorption rates
  • Smaller size
  • Lower heat tolerance
  • Injuries among Young workers
  • Young workers have more accidents than adults
  • Psychosocial effects of child labor.

  • To control the situation Indian government is implementing many laws as like:- The Constitution of India in the Fundamental Rights and the Directive of State Policy prohibits child labor below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or castle or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

    The Factories Act of 1948: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory.

    The Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law. The list was expanded in 2006, and again in 2008.

    The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act of 2000: This law made it a crime, punishable with a prison term, for anyone to procure or employ a child in any hazardous employment or in bondage.

    Education Right:- The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009: The law mandates free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years. Childrens working as labor lost their talent and interests. Their urge to go to school is dismissed by their parents. This will impact our Nations’ Future.


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